President Donald Trump signed a memorandum Tuesday that seeks to ban immigrants in the U.S. illegally from the census and, as result, exclude them from the process that determines how many members of Congress are allocated to each state.
The memo directs Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, whose department oversees the 2020 census, to collect data about immigrants for the purpose of excluding those totals from the population totals.
“For the purpose of the reapportionment of Representatives following the 2020 census, it is the policy of the United States to exclude from the apportionment base aliens who are not in a lawful immigration status,” the memo says.
The memo is expected to be face a swift legal challenge.
The census will also be used to determine state redistricting and $1.5 trillion a year in federal funding.
“We will collect all of the information we need to conduct an accurate census and to make responsible decisions about public policy, voting rights, and representation in Congress,” Trump said in a statement.