The amount of money charged for liquor nationwide varies widely state-by-state, and federal and Iowa alcohol taxes push the price residents pay per bottle the seventh highest in the country.
That’s according to an analysis conducted by the Tax Foundation released Wednesday. Combined taxes on spirits in Iowa add an average $13.03 per gallon of 40 proof or higher hooch.
Relying on data provided by the Distilled Spirits Council of the United States, the Tax Foundation calculated implied excise tax rates in states with government monopoly sales.
Iowa has the seventh highest liquor taxes in the nation and is a control state, where the government operates the liquor stores, Ulrik Boesen, senior policy analyst with the Tax Foundation, wrote in an email to The Center Square. The taxes are levied by the Alcoholic Beverages Division, which marks up prices of liquor by up to 50%.
“In the latest fiscal year, Iowa collected $133 million from liquor sales. Higher taxes generally mean higher prices for consumers,” Boesen said.
State taxes on liquor/spirits differ quite significantly state by state — from no tax in New Hampshire and Wyoming to $35 per gallon in Washington, Boesen said.
Higher taxes generally mean higher prices for consumers.
“Tax system is commonly related to a state’s regulatory model. Some states have state-run liquor stores with excise taxes and mark-ups (or just mark-ups), whereas others rely simply on excise taxes,” Boesen said. “Regardless of whether state revenue is collected through mark-ups or excise taxes, the cost is generally passed on to the consumer as higher retail prices.”
The federal government also taxes spirits, and most states levy the general sales tax in addition to excise taxes, Boesen said.
“Alcohol tax revenue is often dedicated to general revenue spending,” he added. “This is because these taxes have traditionally been imposed for general revenue — going back to the early days of the Republic. However, lawmakers should consider spending more of this revenue on offsetting the societal cost associated with alcohol consumption.”
Washington state’s excise tax rate on distilled spirits is $35.31 per gallon, followed by Oregon ($21.95), Virginia ($19.89), Alabama ($19.11), and Utah ($15.92).
Distilled spirits are taxed the least in Wyoming and New Hampshire. These two control states gain revenue directly from alcohol sales through government-run stores and have set prices low enough that they are comparable to buying spirits without taxes. Missouri taxes are the next lightest at $2.00 a gallon, followed by Colorado ($2.28), Texas ($2.40), and Kansas ($2.50).